Eurovision Song Contest 1956
How it has been that time...
Next to the dream wedding of the year, sovereign Rainier III of Monaco has married the film actress Grace Kelly(to the horror of the total European high nobility), the year 1956 gave us also the very first "Eurovision Song Contest". At that time it was still named "Grand Prix Eurovision De La Chanson"
To that time, the media "Television" in Germany has not yet the meaning, which it should get in the middle of the Sixties and in Europe first at the beginning of the Fifties was started to develop television to the technical production. People remained rather skeptical vis-à-vis the new media and only 2% of the German possessed a TV SET. Who should or wanted to be sprinkled every day of newscast, documentation, feature films or show? A clear false estimation how everybody knows today.
But the Eurovision already exists, the EBU (European Broadcasting Union), a confluence of all national or publicly-legal TV-institutes of the not socialistic Europe. At 12th of February 1950, the Eurovision was started up from 23 European TV-institutes in "Torquay". The first joint project of the Eurovision was 1953 the live-transmission of the coronation of Queen Elisabeth II of England, it followed 1954 the transmission of the "Soccer World Championship" from Switzerland and 1956 the transmission of the "Olympic Winter Games" from Italy.
But the EBU doesn't wanted to transmit sporting and historical events only, they also wanted to actuate on cultural zone. And so a project was started up in a general meeting of the Eurovision at 12th of October 1955, which should bring together the people of Europe: "Grand Prix Eurovision De La Chanson"
On September 1956 IBM introduced the 305 RAMAC, which was the first computer to include a 5 MB disk drive named IBM 350 Disk File. It was the first magnetic hard disk and had a weight of over a ton! With the Black-and-White portable TV another important invention hit the market. Also the first Transatlantic Telephone Cable goes in operation on this year!
In the 50's the people have still been real great cinema visitors. So it's not a wonder that "Love Me Tender" with Elvis Presley, his first movie, became a very great success on the cinema screens. Other great movies from this year were: "Around The World In 80 Days" with David Niven and "Moby Dick" with Gregory Peck.
The jukeboxes were never tired to play records as "Heartbreak Hotel" which became the first No.1 pop record by Elvis Presley and best selling single of the 1956 in USA!
And then the time has come!! Thursday evening, 24th of May 1956, 21.00 o'clock, the first Eurovision Song Contest was flickering above the European screens with the title "Gran Premio Eurovision della Canzone Europea" . Seven countries have followed the invitation of Switzerland to come to the lovely "Tessin", where in the "Teatro Kursaal" in Lugano was expedited the first Eurovision Song Contest.
Already at that time there was an extensive control device for the competition. So it was not allowed to have a longer song than a 3 1/2 minutes, song groups were not allowed and the orchestration should be provided by a fix number of 24 musicians. Immediately at the premiere Austria, Denmark and United Kingdom can't appear, cause they missed their registration. Cause it was not possible to offer an evening abundant program with only 7 reported countries, Germany, Switzerland, Belgium, France, Luxembourg, Italy and the Netherlands, every country was allowed was allowed to present 2 songs. Only the host country and the finance weak large dukedom Luxembourg were shown with only one artist, who had to sing both songs. All the other countries were appearing with 2 artists. Most of the 14 song contributions have been soft, melancholy ballads about love and the good fortune. The very first song, with which Jetty Paerl from the Netherlands was opening the ESC, was telling about "The Birds of Holland" (De Vogels Van Holland). The only contribution which was orientated on the popular music direction of that time, "Rock 'n' Roll", was the german entry "So geht das jede Nach" performed by Freddy Quinn.
At the end, Lys Assia from Switzerland was ahead and won the first Song Contest. Her song "Refrain" was melancholic contribution about the color of the rain, the forgiving and the impossibility of no longer be a child.
May be that the competition rules which are no more valid today, made possible for her to win the contest: the jury was able to vote also for the own contribution. Luxembourg, like we already mentioned, was financially weaker, so they renounced entirely at their own jury and they delegated Switzerland to assist with two evaluation judges. At the end of the contest, Lys Assia was explained for victor. Today there is no more possibility of Verifying the voting. The voting of the 14 judges was top secret and the ballots became immediately after the competition destroyed. And so there were already after the very first song contest rumors and speculations around the correctness of the result. The ESC had its first "small scandal" of which it should give yet a lot in the ESC-story.
In an interview, which the British transmitter "Channel Four" made in the year 2000 with Lys Assia she said:
"I became victory 1956 because I had the best song and the best orchestra of the evening and also because I was the best singer of the evening". This self-confident estimation can be opposed only heavily somewhat.
Eurovision Song Contest 1957
What brought the year 1957?
For world-wide headlines provides the delegation of the dog "Laika" in the space by the Russians.
In addition, German history had its highlight in this year: after affiliation for many years to France, the Saarland becomes the eleventh federal state of the Federal Republic of Germany.
The murder case at the noble prostitute "Rosemarie Nitribitt" occupied our Republic of, the first age-group of people liable for military service draws in of Germany barracks.
Willy Brandt becomes a governing mayor of Berlin, the first mass inoculation against child paralysis was further milestones of the year 1957.
Two inventions, which are no more to be excluded from the everyday life made talk about itself:
Olivietti invents the first electrical type writer and the "Lego-Stones" comes on the market.
In the cinemas the premiere of "The Bridge At The Kwai" with Alec Guiness and "Jailhouse Rock" with Elvis Presley have been the cash magnets and the premiere of Leonard Bernstein's musical "West Side Story" provides additionally big headlines of that year.
For us ESC-friends and fans the most important date of the year 1957 was found in month of March.
In this year the "Hessian Broadcast (HR)" offered to align the competition in Frankfurt/Main.
After weeks of consultations and discussions, the Second World War scarcely was finally only twelve years on the past, the addition was given to the German transmitter.
The rule that the country, which the winner title comes from, organizes the competition of next year, should apply finally at the coming year.
The competition had to register three new participant countries (one did not miss this time the deadline for applications) in this year: Denmark, United Kingdom and Austria make their debut.
Innovations in the Regulation of the competition there were only a few, however they were crucial. From each participant country only one song was certified. The artists should be alone on the stage or at most was allowed two of them performing. And again, no song was allowed to last longer than 3 1/2 minutes. The voting procedure had been fundamentally reformed. The juries were not any more present in the hall, now in each participating country were sitting 10 jury members. Each jury member had to assign one vote, so that every country could distribute altogether ten points. For the own country could not be scored any longer. The points of the individual countries were conveyed at the end of the song presentation by phone to Germany from a jury speaker.
The Song Contest got its first own Logo! And then it was so far: Sunday, 03, March 1957, from the large transmission hall of the Hessian Broadcast, the host of the evening, Anaid Iplicjian, welcomes the spectators to the second "Grand Prix Eurovision De La Chanson". Ten countries followed the invitation of the organizer and were coming to Frankfurt/Main. Whistling and singing "la, la, la", the Belgian "Bobbejaan Schoepen" was opening the Song Contest with his title "Straatdeuntje (Gassenhauer)", which could convince the juries just as little, like from the "strings of his guitar (Corda della mia chitarra)" telling Italian "Nunzio Gallo" or to her song "Telefon, Telefon", being busy with such a one, german singer "Margot Hielscher".
Two countries set completely on experience and sent its representatives of the previous year with new titles to Frankfurt. "Lys Assia" was starting again for Switzerland and for the Netherlands a further time was starting "Corry Brokken".
Also this year it was setting predominantly in the individual countries on ballads of love and luck. But no rule without exception: Austria presented itself with a song in the Country style - and became last. The popular music direction of this time, the "Rock 'n' Roll", remained also this time outside the contest.
At the end of the song presentation the individual countries were called by the host, Ms. Iplicjian, to place their votes. After all ten national juries had delivered their valuations was certain, that the dutch woman "Corry Brokken" with her title "Net als Toen (As In Former Times)" with a lead of fourteen points before France, became victory in the second "Grand Prix Eurovision De La Chanson". On place 3, the Danish contribution "Skibet Skal Sejle I Nat (The Ship Will Sail Tonight)", which remains in mind of the jury members surely also because of the longest and in the Song Contest history singular kiss, which "Birthe Wilke & Gustav Winckler" gave themselves at the end of their contribution.
The exact placement and point list could be seen in the Photo Gallery 1957!
None of the ten participant countries could register a commercial success with their songs. Nevertheless two records of the second Eurovision Song Contest today has existence: with 112 seconds length "Patricia Bredin" from United Kingdom sang the shortest song of all Eurovision times and also the longest contribution of a competition originates from that year. The italian "Nunzio Gallo" brought it on 309 seconds with his song. In all other respects also the winner title was one minute above the permitted time border. This disregard of the rules led to unofficial protests, however not to disqualification of the three songs.
Eurovision Song Contest 1958
1958 - the year and the Song Contest
Already at the beginning of the year most people were fevering for the probably most important event of the year: the football world championship in Sweden. Not only at the end of this competition Brazil got the title, also their national player "Pele" rose as a star at the football sky. But it happened this year even more what absolutely earns attention. Finally, our former "neighbour", the German Democratic Republic, abolished the last food cards in May '58.
In the Federal Republic of Germany the women become more mature: the "Equal Right Law" comes into force and in "Flensburg" the "Traffic Offender's Card Index" was furnished. A mass hysteria breaks out as it becomes known that Elvis Presley finishes his military service as a GI in Germany. And a new trend pulls the people in his spell: the Hula-Hoop comes to Germany. In the movies "Houseboat", "Gigi" and " The Pub In The Spessart " Sophia Loren, Gary Grant, Leslie Caron and Lieselotte Pulver eagers the cinema audiences. In the Netherlands the whole interest counted for the coming " Eurovision Song Contest ", which took place for the first time in this country which had won last year. The dutch television "NTS" knew what the european spectators wanted to see and it renounced therefore to a great stage decoration. Instead, the stage was transformed into a tulip sea. 20000 pieces of that kind of flower were used as decoration for the stage. Nothing was changed in the set of rules of the competition. Every participant country has ten jury members and every of them could give only one point. So every country could award a total of ten points. The own country might not be valued.
In the meantime, up to United Kingdom, the competition was popular in whole Europe. The Britains were annoyed about the bad abscission of their song from the last year and decide not to take part in the competition of 1958. In addition, one had hoped in the United Kingdom for a bigger, commercial success of the contributions of 1957. What no one could know in United Kingdom at that time yet: the commercial success came with the competition in 1958.
And then it was limited so far, Wednesday 12th March of 1958. From the Avro Studios in Hilversum, Hannie Lips was greeting the spectators to the third Eurovision Song Contest in the Netherlands. With Sweden, which gave his debut in the Netherlands, ten countries have followed the invitation of the host. While all interpreters presented their contributions in evening gown or tails and smoking, the swedish singer "Alice Babs" preferred to sing her song "Lilla Stjärna (Little Star)" in the Swedish national costume. Two old friends which were already knewn from the first two competitions pleased the spectators with new songs. For Switzerland Lys Assia was starting once more. She booked with her song "Giorgio" at the end place two. Corry Brokken might represent the Netherlands once more. Her title " Heel De Wereld (The Whole World) " persuaded only one juror and so she became with one point the last. Up to now she is the onliest participant which has won the song contest and became last. Margot Hielscher, dressed up as a "Miss Jukebox", did also not really persuade the juries with her song "Für Zwei Groschen Musik (For Two "Groschen" Music)".The quite big winner of the competition, even if only with the audience, was Domenico Modugno from Italy. His title "Nel Blu, Dipinto Di Blu (The Blue Painted In Blue)" was the first, quite big hit which aroses from a Song Contest. In the vernacular the title was better known as "Volare". Four months Domenico Modugno was represented in the Dutch Charts and was coming there up to place four. In Italy he kept sixteen weeks on place one of the Hit Parade. In the english charts he reached the Top Ten. Even the jump over the big pond Domenico Modugno succeeded. In the american "Bilboard Charts" he was noted on place one. But back to the Song Contest, here the Italian "only" reached place three. The winner of the evening came from France. With the gentle ballad "Dors, Mon Amour (Sleep, My Love)" André Claveau convinced most of juries. With a brief projection of three points before Switzerland, France won the third Eurovision Song Contest.
The meaning of this third Eurovision should not be underestimated. Indeed, Domenico Modugno was not the winner of the competition, however, his international success pointed the potential of the competition and the commercial possibilities of the show. The Britains were so impressed, that they took part in 1959 again in the competition.
The Eurovision Song Contest had created his breakthrough and should become a steady size from now on in the television program of the coming years !
Eurovision Song Contest 1959
1959 - the last year of the fifties
In particular for the ladies this year was probably especially important, then the hair spray came on the market. Throughout Europe Louis Armstrong had one of his biggest hits "Uncle Satchmo's Lullaby" which he sang together with the little Gabriele. And in the figure skating Marika Kilius and Hans-Jürgen Bäumler became European champions. Movies like "Geschichte Einer Nonne (Story Of A Nun)" with Audrey Hepburn, "Manche Mögen's Heiss (Some Like It Hot)" with Marilyn Monroe and "Ben Hur" with Charlton Heston let the people flow out in the cinemas. In Germany the first speed sinners find guilty by radar case and Heinrich Lübcke became president of the Federal Republic of Germany.
The French television broadcasting station "ORTF" invited the participants and fans to 4th Eurovision Song Contest to the "Cote D'Azur". 11 nations followed the invitation in the city of the movie festivals, to the fashionable Cannes. Actually, it should be 12 participant countries, but at short notice Luxembourg called off his participation. For it the "United Kingdom" returned to the Song Contest and the small principality Monaco gave his deuce. Then in the evening of 11th March, 1959 it was so far and Jocelyn Jobert was greeting the participants and spectators from the "Palais Des Festivals" to the 4th edition of "Grand Prix Eurovision De La Chanson Européenne"! The host country France opens the competition. In his song "Oui, Oui, Oui, Oui (Yes , Yes, Yes, Yes)" Jean Philippe was singing about the sun from Hawaii and the sky over Capri. A nice holiday hit, however, it only reaches for place three. An absolute disaster was the first participation of Monaco. Jacques Pills and his song "Mon Ami Pierrot (My Friend Pierrot)" got only one point and became the last. From Germany, the twins Alice & Ellen Kessler, the export hit No. 1 at that time, were send to Cannes. Their song "Heute Abend Woll'n Wir Tanzen Geh'n (This Evening We Like To Go To Dance)" would have been in better hands in a music revue. Also the one minute of durable dance insert changed nothing on the 8th place. Italy placed for the second time on Domenico Modugno. His song " Piove (It's Raining)" became under the title "Ciao, Ciao Bambina", indeed, again a commercial success, however, for the victory in the Song Contest it was not enough. The colors of Austria were represented by Ferry Graf. His song "Der K. Und K. Kalypso Aus Wien (The K. And K. Calypso From Vienna)" was an absolutely unsuccessful mixture of Calypso, Viennese waltz, Bohemian polka and yodel art from Tyrol. The completely irritated juries could not warm up themselves for this song and it is said so at the end place 9. The Netherlands were represented by Teddy Scholten. Her song "N Beetje (A Little Bit)" had got the most points at the end. And it is said so for the second time in the history of the Song Contest: Victory for the Netherlands before United Kingdom and France.
The evening was concluded with the presentation of three first-placed songs.It was the last Song Contest which tooks place at a weekday. The EBU had decided, that the competition should take place at a Saturday evening for the next year. Other news allowed to prick up the ears: the Dutch television rejected the costly production of the next Song Contest. But the rescue was not far, the English television explained ready to aim the coming Song Contest. And thus, the competition could go to the sixties.
Eurovision Song Contest 1960
1960 - The Olympic Year
The quite worldwide most important event of 1960 have been the Olympic Games. While "Squaw Valley" (United States of America) prepared for the Winter Olympics, everything was already prepared in the Italian capital "Rome" for the Summer Olympics.
In the USA in March of 1960 the youngest president till then was elected in the history of that country: John F. Kennedy. In Argentina a big fish went for the Israeli Secret Service to the net: Adolf Eichmann was arrested! In New York the heads of the government of Germany and Israel meet for the first time after the war: Konrad Adenauer and Ben Gurion. The first drive-in cinema opens its gates and a new fashion trend was born: the horse's tail hairstyles.
The stripes "Psycho" of the master of the tension, Alfred Hitchcock, with Anthony Perkins in the leading role, "La Dolce Vita" with Anita Ekberg and "Breakfast at Tiffany's" have been the movie highlights of that year. Singer Rocco Granata could celebrate his biggest success this year. His single "Marina" was in many countries for weeks No.1 !
The fans of the song contest already feared falling out the competition, because the Dutch television rejected the adjustment of the competition. Fortunately, the British television broadcasting station "BBC" volunteered, to deliver the competition. And such the Eurovision Song Contest for the first time takes place in a European capital and for the last time on a weekday! Finally, it was so far! Thursday, 29th March, 1960! From the Festival Hall, hostess Kate Boyle welcomes the spectators and 13 participant countries, which have followed the invitation to London. After one year of break Luxembourg returned in the lap of the Eurovisions family. The ballad "Solang We's Du Do Bast" which Camillo Felgen sungs in "luxembourgianly", escaped only briefly the flaw as the first song to have no point. At the end, Italy takes pity and with one point Luxembourg became latter. With Norway another, Scandinavian country gave his debut. Nora Brockstedt booked an honourable, fourth place with her song "Voi-Voi". Finally, this year Siw Malmkvist might represent the Swedish colours. One apparently had forgive her the fatuities of the year before. For her "Alla Andra Far Varann" it only passed to place ten. The Netherlands sent a man to London, who should become in his country, however in Germany, to one of the leading show masters from the sixties until the eighties: Rudi Carrell. "Wat Een Geluk" was not a big luck for him, place twelve was called it at the end. Also the representative of Austria, Harry Winter, completely passes the taste of the juries with his song "Du Hast Mich So Fasziniert", a composition of operetta king Robert Stolz, was placed seventh.
Germany was represented by Wyn Hoop, his song "Bonne Nuit, Ma Cherie" was a small misleading packaging and should arrange French jurors for more points. It used nothing, "only" place four at the end. Still it was the best place Germany reached in the sixties. The winning song was the last in the running order of this evening. "Tom Pillibi" sung by Jacqueline Boyer, daughter of Lucienne Boyer (Parlez Moi D'amour) and Jacques Pills, representative of Monaco from the year before. It was a simple song with a refrain slightly to be noticed. It's told the history of a man who maintains to have two castles: one in Scotland, one in Montenegro and who turns out at the end as a trickster. Before, nevertheless, France was certain as winner of the fifth Eurovision Song Contest, there was a hard closely packed running by point evaluation with United Kingdom, however France decided for itself before United Kingdom and Monaco.
And again it was not of the winner title of the Song Contest which had the biggest commercial success. Once more the contribution from Italy had the nose in front in the hit charts and sales figures, even if it was only place eight at the competition for Renato Rascel and "Romantica". Many believed if a woman had sung the song, the first song contest victory would have been perfect for Italy.
If, if, if ......... then, then, then - is whispered and rumoured at the Song Contest probably always!
Eurovision Song Contest 1961
1961 - Joy and Grief
The year already started with the probably worst and inglorious event: Germany was divided optically - The construction of the "Berlin Wall" began and in Israel one takes up the process against "Eichmann".
But there was also less sombre:
As the first person, the russian Juri Gagarin was going around the earth and the nature conservation organisation "WWF" was founded.
In Germany the anti-baby pill was finally admitted!
The frosted food became the newest fashion and the trend was called: "Deep Chill Food".
In the cinemas were presented movies like: "Lawrence Of Arabia" with Peter O'Toole, "West Side Story" with Natalie Wood and "One, Two, Three" with James Cagney and Lieselotte Pulver.
The jukeboxes in the bars, cafes and clubs didn't become tired to play over and over again "Wheels" from Billy Vaughn.
Well and then there was still also in the spring the "Grand Prix Eurovision De La Chanson".
Once more the city of the film festival, Cannes, had invited to the Cote D'Azur.
In the evening of 18th March, Jaqueline Joubert might welcome 16 participant countries and the spectators again from the "Palais Des Festival".
For the first time the competition took place on Saturday where it should also set up after one more year. With 16 participant countries -Spain, Finland and Yugoslavia gave their debut- the sixth Song Contest was the most extensive one up to this time. The Contest was opened by the spaniard "Conchita Bautista" who was dancing to her song "Estando Contigo" igneously and wildly on the stage.
A little bit too igneously and wildly, what the jury signs up only with place 9!
Finland was sending its most popular singer at that time, Laila Kinnunen, to the song race. She sang a quiet, almost desperate ballad with the title "Valoa Ikunassa (Light In The Window)". Probably her light seemed not bright enough and so she had to be content with place 10. For Germany at that time much liked and for her speech song konwn "Lale Andersen" was starting. Her song "Einmal Sehen Wir Uns Wieder" did not meet so completely the taste of the Juries and so she found herself at the end on place 13.
A whole flood of songs dealt with the subject seasons. So the swedish singer "Lill Babs" knew to report in her song "April, April" something about this month, while the belgian "Bob Benny" told something about golden September roses in his song "September, Gouden Ross". In the norwegian contribution "Sommer I Palma" one was informed from "Nora Brockstedt" about the summer in Palma and at last, the french "Jean Paul Mauric" taught us in his song "Printemps, Avril Carillone" of the fact, that the spring is rung in by the April.
However, the subject "seasons" was never a good prescription for a victory at the song contest what the orders of these songs -Sweden (14), Belgium (15), Norway (7) and France (4)- also prove. The winner was unequivocal: Jean Claude Pascal, french in the service of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg. With "Nous Les Amoureux (We, The Lovers)", he sang a strong ballad in a slow jazz tempo. During his song he moved hardly on the stage, nevertheless, he had no problems to pull the juries in his spell by his mine play and his mysterious smile.
So for the fourth time a song in french language was winning the Song Contest. John Alford and Bob Day (The Allisons) had themselves expected more for their title "Are You Sure?" which was composed in the Everly Brothers style. At the end it was place two for the United Kingdom.
For "Franca Di Rienzo" from Switzerland and her title "Nous Aurons Demain" it was still enough for place three. And again it was not the winning title of the Song Contest which became a hit internationally. Merely in the french language area Jean Claude Pascal with "Nous Les Amoureux" could have a hit.
Internationally others have writen hit history. One side "The Allisons" who were represented 13 weeks in the german charts with their song "Are You Sure?".
What you think about this song, you can show us by your voting for the Top 10 November cause we have choosen "Are You Sure?" for subject song of the year 1961.
However, once again the italians had the biggest international success. "Al Di La" with "Betty Curtis" was choosen for the best, not in english language presented song, in the United States of America and also she was not only represented in the italian charts for weeks!
Eurovision Song Contest 1962
1962 - Careers, disasters and tomfoolery
In October of the year it came, between the United States of America and the Soviet Union at that time to a serious confrontation which became known later as "Cuba Crisis". An atomic exchange approached immediately by stationing of Soviet nuclear rockets on the island. At night from 16th to 17th February 1962, the heaviest storm flood for over 100 years broke upon the German North Sea coast.
Most badly the flood disaster met Hamburg, which is more than 100 kilometres away from the coast. Whole parts of the town stood under water and more than 60.000 inhabitants southly of the "Elbe" became homeless. Energy, gas and water have fallen out in the million city.
In May of 1962 for 4 young men from Liverpool a world career began in the Hamburg "Starclub". The "Beatles" began their triumphal procession on our planet. The joy of one is the grief of another: in the late year of 1962, on 5th August, the american actress "Marilyn Monroe" died in Los Angels. Movies like " Some Like It Hot " had made her famous.
However, 1962 came also by his more or less important innovations into the history. Thus the ballpoint pen this year held move in offices, schools and private houses. Not to imagine as not existing today in our life any more.
For such which loves hot music, the first stereo music chest came on the market. But also to them, who are rather a little lazy was thought. The Hollywood swing one might not miss in gardens and porches any more.
With "Bonanza" the television began in 1962 one of the most successful western series, in bars and dance cafes "Twist" was danced to hot rythms and the radio stations played the front runner of the charts: "Speedy Gonzales" sung by "Pat Boone".
The cinemas and film palaces invited in 1962 to the first "James Bond" action thriller "James Bond: Dr. No" with Sean Connery.
Even more tension and horror promised Alfred Hitchcock's masterpiece "The Birds" with Tipi Hedren and who rather liked dramatic adventure movies, was well-advised with "Mutiny On The Bounty" with Marlon Brando.
And then there was still in the spring of 1962 the "Grand Prix Eurovison De La Chanson", today well known as "Eurovison Song Contest". 16 countries have followed the invitation of "RTL" to the little Grand Duchy of Luxembourg. Here everything was a little bit differently than during the past years.
First of all the evaluation system was changed by the EBU (European Broadcasting Union) for the 7th Song Contest once again. This was the result of a protest from Germany. One was of the opinion with the existing evaluation system always the same countries -France and the Netherlands- became winners of the contest. The EBU decided, that from now on every national jury should value the best song with 3 points, second-best with 2 points and third-best with 1 point. Also the stage decoration was changed by the luxembourgian TV-station "RTL".
Instead of the compulsory flower arrangements, there were to see on the stage only gleaming stars. The competition was pulled through in a tempo, that one could believe the broadcasting persons responsible would have to reach the next, removing train. There remained for the annotators between the songs nearly no time to tell something about the next coming song.
And that the arrangement realy concerned a "Live Broadcasting", the spectators noticed lately, when the light was falling out between the french and norwegian song.
But, in the end, it was so far and hostess Mireille Delannoy welcomes the participants and spectators on Sunday, 18ten March, 1962 from Villa Louvigny - Grand Auditorium de RTL. The contest was opened by "Marion Rung" from Finland. Her song "Tipi-Tii" was a funny, happy title which at the end, nevertheless, reached only place 7. For the fourth time "Fud Leclerc" takes part on the Song Contest for Belgium. His title "Ton Nom" persuaded none of the 16 juries and at the end one said for him place 16. Not much better it happened to the participant from Austria, Eleonore Black. Her operetta title "Nur In Der Wiener Luft" was complete absent on this place and got place 16 too. Also Luxembourg and Monaco put on Song Contest experience. Well done!
"Camillo Felgen" and his song "Petit Bonhomme" got in the final account the third place for Luxembourg, while "Francois Deguelt" from Monaco received the second place for his song "Dis Rien". Yugoslavia had the probably most original inspiration for a song contest song indisputably. "Lola Novakovic" told in her song "Ne Pali Svetla U Sumrak" the love story of two glowing cigarettes which came closer to themselves in the night. For this original inspiration she gets place 4 from the juries. We have selected this song for you as a subject song of 1962 and you can hear and vote it in the TOP 10 of December.
The best song of the evening, at least in the opinion of 16 national juries, came from France. " Un Premier Amour " was a tasteful and without every trinket reported love song, with which "Isabelle Aubret" decided the 7th Eurovison Song Contest for herself.
However, for a commercial success it was not enough for this song. Like in the past years, there were the others who had the hits. To all at the head "Conny Froboess" from Germany who became sixth at the Song Contest. Her title "Zwei Kleine Italiener" was lasting several weeks represented in the charts of Germany, Austria, Belgium, Luxembourg, the Netherlands and Switzerland. Today this song has become already an Eurovision evergreen.
The song contest in 1962 rang in the era of the zero point evaluations. Because of the changed evaluation procedure, the national juries might give only to 3 countries points. This entaitled that some countries have not been taken into consideration by the point evaluation. The result: for the first time in the song contest history dreaded "0" points Evaluations. In 1962 "Fud Leclerc" (Belgium) "Eleonore Schwarz" (Austria), "Victor Balaguer" (Spain) and "De Speelbrekers" (Netherlands) got to feel this very clearly!
Eurovision Song Contest 1963
1963 - Strange, Sad, Curious...
The most terrible message of the year overtook humans in November. Not only in America deep mourning prevailed about the lost of their president, John F. Kennedy, who fell on his way to an election meeting as a victim by an insidious assassination attempt.
The music world already had to take parting in October 1963 from one of the greatest female singers:
Edith Piaf deceased in Paris. With her songs "Milord" and "Non, Je Regrette Riens" she has written hit-history.
Already in June 1963 the Russian cosmonaut, Vera Tereshkova, started her journey to space.
She entered history as the first woman who ever was flying to the universe.
In front of the Lincoln Memorial in March of the year Martin Luther King gave its great and unforgotten speech against racial discrimination, which began with the words "I have a dream..."!
In august 1963 the impudent assault on a mail train excited the mind. With their raid the robbers had captured 30 million DM (Deutsche Mark).
For maintenance the film producers provide in this year strips like "Cleopatra" with Elizabeth Taylor and "Irma La Douce" with Shirley McLaine, while the hit makers wrote for Chris Montez the No. 1 Hit "Let's Dance" and the fashion makers dictates "fur" as the last scream for the lady world.
The fans of the Song Contest already were fevering to 23rd March of the year. Actually one expected to be welcomed to the eighth Song Contest from France. But the french had obviously no desire, however no money to hold the Song Contest further again. As replacement the English television station "BBC" offered itself. And in such a way it came that hostess Katie Boyle welcomed the participants and spectators from London for the second time.
Sixteen countries have followed the invitation to the eighth Eurovision Song Contest to "BBC Television Center".
At that time the Song Contest began with the fact that the English TV-responsible person, Stuart Hood, instructed watching Europe in a long lecture, that it is no coincidence if his institute is host of the competition.
Nevertheless the United Kingdom is the center of the fashion maintenance music. At the EBU (European Broadcasting Union) one felt such an opening and instruction as less pleasant, what released a hard criticism at the English TV-transmitter after the Contest.
A further inconsistency of the English TV-transmitter consisted of to hold the competition in two different studios. In one of the studios the spectators and hostess Katie Bolye were accommodated, in the other one the orchestra and the interpreters. The Song Contest put thus the suspicion near, that it concerned a studio-production, with playback singing artists. This was still strengthened, since all songs sounded in such a way as later on vinyl record.
Also the end of the contest was not straight praiseworthy. The one and a half-hour Contest ended with a surprise: a valuation scandal. As the fifth country Norway assigned its points: 5 points United Kingdom, 4 points Italy, 3 points Switzerland, 2 points Denmark, 1 point Germany.
Briefly after assignment of the Norwegian points, Katie Boyle communicated that Norway at the conclusion of the Votings have to give again its valuation.
Why? Because of bad telephone connections. No audible trace of it! And like that actually everything was rule conformal. If it would have remained with this valuation, Switzerland could have celebrated their second victory in Eurovision Song Contest.
But it should come otherwise! After all sixteen countries had given their valuations, Norway had to give its valuation again. And this second Norwegian valuation was sounding completely differently than the first: 5 points United Kingdom, 4 points Denmark, 3 points Italy, 2 points Germany, 1 point Switzerland. And in such a way the victory in the eighth Song Contest with two points lead before Switzerland to the Danish couple Grethe & Jørgen Ingmann with the song "Dansevise".
Apart from all these discrepancies, this year was that one of prominent occupations and beginning careers in Europe. Nana Mouskouri was sent from Luxembourg to the music race. Her heavy-courageous, serious song "À Force De Prier" achieved at the end only place eight. However, this did not harm her world career.
The contribution of Switzerland "T'en Vas Pas" was a classical Song Contest title: restrained sadness, elegant gestures, beautiful voice and dramatic end. Esther Ofarim had to give due at the end with place two because of the changed, Norwegian valuation.
Germany was setting in that year on Heidi Brühl, who was telling about her "Marcel".
For the juries this Song sounded somehow too over-heated, which brought her unfortunately only five points and the ninth place.
The small Principality of Monaco was represented by Françoise Hardy, the femal singer with the mysterious aura. With her self-written song "L'amour S'en Va" she got the fifth place. The United Kingdom sent Ronnie Carroll for the second time to the Song Contest. But more than place four it was not for his song "Say Wonderful Things".
Also at this Song Contest it gave again zero-point-valuations.
This time it happened to Monica Zetterlund (Sweden), Annie Palmen (Netherlands), Anita Thallaug (Norway) and Laila Halme (Finland).
The winners, Grethe & Jørgen Ingmann, hardly excited European-wide attention with their song "Dansevise", only in the Danish Charts the winning song was represented. Form your own judgement about this song.
We have nominated "Dansevise" as topic Song for the year 1963 into our TOP 10 January.
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ESCBlueWire was born on April 2007